Elocution Teaching in 19th Century Schools

See also: Pittsburgh Library, Neitz text database for actual text from some of the books listed below with specific reference to their treatment of elocution. Neitz's focus is on secondary school. The non-linked references are from the Erie County Public Library.

Bingham, Caleb (1794) The American preceptor: Being a new selection of lessons for reading and speaking designed for the use of schools. Boston: Manning & Loring. This book sold 640,000 copies.

Bingham, Caleb (1797). Columbian orator. (first book read by Frederick Douglass).

Carpenter, J. E. (1869). The modern elocutionist and reciter: a selection of prose and verse, from standard authors; classified and arranged for the use of public schools. With full instructions in the art of elocution. London, F. Warne and Co.

Cobb, Lyman (1800-1864) (see below) Spelling book.

Cole, William H., 1870-1898. The institute reader and normal class-book: for the use of teachers' institutes and normal schools, and for self-training in the art of reading.

Cumnock, Robert McLean (1905). Cumnock's school speaker: Rhetorical recitations for boys and girls. Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co.

Cumnock, Robert McClean (Ed.) (1905). Choice readings for public and private entertainments and for use of schools, colleges and public readers, with elocutionary advice. Chicago: A. C. McClurg.

Edwards, Richard, 1822-1908. Analytical fourth reader: containing practical directions for reading, a thorough method of thought-analysis, a critical phonic analysis of English words, and a large number of new and valuable selections in reading. Designed for the use of classes in common schools.

Enfield, William, (1780, 5th edition). Speaker, or, Miscellaneous pieces: selected from the best English writers and diposed under proper heads, with a view to facilitate the improvement of youth in reading and speaking: to which is prefixed an essay on elocution.

Everts, Katherine Jewell (1908). Vocal expression; a class-book of voice training and interpretation. NY: Harper and Brothers.

Frost, John, 1800-1859. The American speaker: containing numerous rules, observations, and exercises on pronunciation, pauses, inflections, accent, and emphasis: also, copious extracts in prose and poetry, calculated to assist the teacher, and to improve the pupil in reading and recitation.

Hart, John S. (John Seely), 1810-1877. A manual of American literature: a text-book for schools and colleges.

Hillard, George Stillman (1871). The Franklin fifth reader: for the use of public and private schools: with an introductorey treatist on elocution by Mark Bailey, with new and oritinal illustrations. NY: Taintor Brothers, Merrill & Co.

Hows, John W. S. (John William Stanhope), 1797-1871. The practical elocutionist, and, Academical reader and speaker: designed for the use of colleges, academies, high school and families.

Hows, John W. S. (John William Stanhope), 1797-1871. The ladies' reader: designed for the use of schools and family reading circles: comprising choice selections from standard authors, in prose and poetry, with the essential rules of elocution, simplified and arranged for strictly practical use.

Jones, Charles Colcock, 1804-1863. The religious instruction of the Negroes in the United States.

Kimber, Thomas (1815). The American class book, or, A collection of instructive reading lessons: adapted to the use of schools: selected from Blair's class book, etc.

Kirkham, Samuel (1847). An esay on elocution designed for the use of schools and private learners. NY: Pratt, Woodford & Co.

Lilienthal, M. E. & Allyn, R. Object lessons. Things taught: systematic instruction in composition and object lessons. Prepared by order of the Cincinnati Public School Board.

McGuffey, William Holmes, 1800-1873. McGuffey's fifth eclectic reader.

McGuffey, William Holmes, 1800-1873. McGuffey's new fifth eclectic reader: selected and original exercises for schools.

McGuffey, William Holmes, 1800-1873. McGuffey's new sixth eclectic reader: exercises in rhetorical reading, with introductory rules and examples. Cincinnati, OH: Van Antwerp, Bragg & Co. (1866, first copyright, 1857).

McGuffey, William Holmes, 1800-1973. McGuffey's sixth eclectic reader.

McGuffey, William Holmes, 1800-1873. McGuffey's new high school reader: for advanced classes, embracing about two hundred classic exercises.

Moore, John Hamilton, d. 1807. The young gentleman and lady's monitor, and English teacher's assistant: being a collection of select pieces from our best modern writers: calculated to eradicate vulgar prejudices and rusticity of manners, improve the understanding, rectify the will, purify the passions, direct the minds of youth to the pursuit of proper objects, and to facilitate their reading, writing, and speaking the English language, with elegance and propriety: particularly adapted for the use of our eminent schools and academies, as well as private persons, who have not an opportunity of perusing the works of those celebrated authors, from whence this collection is made: divided into small portions for the ease of reading in classes.

Nietz, John Alfred, 1888-1970 Old textbooks: spelling, grammar, reading, arithmetic, geography, American history, civil government, physiology, penmanship, art, music, as taught in the common schools from colonial days to 1900.

Nietz, John Alfred, 1888- The evolution of American secondary school textbooks; rhetoric & literature, algebra, geometry, natural history (zoology), botany, natural philosophy (physics), chemistry, Latin and Greek, French, German & world history as taught in American Latin grammar school academies and early high schools before 1900.

Northrop, Henry Davenport (1895). TheDelsarte speaker; or, Modern elocution, designed especially for young folks and amateurs. Containing a practical treatise on the Delsarte system of physical culture. Phiuladelphia, PA, National Publishing Co.

Osgood, Lucius. Osgood's progressive fifth reader: Embracing a system of instruction in the principles of elocution, and selections for reading and speaking from the best English and American authors: designed for the use of academies and the highest classes in public and private schools.

Parker, Richard Green, 1798-1869. Exercises in rhetorical reading: with a series of introductory lessons, particularly designed to familiarize readers with the pauses and other marks in general use, and lead them to the practice of modulation and inflection of the voice.

Pierpont, John, (1823) 1785-1866. The American first class book, or, Exercises in reading and recitation: selected principally from modern authors of Great Britain and America, and designed for the use of the highest class in public and private schools. See also: http://www.orgs.muohio.edu/anthologies/school/Pierpont1.html. Pierpoint deemphasized elocution. He stressed the literary value of the pieces. First class, in the title, referred to the older children in a mixed-age classroom.

Pinneo, Timothy Stone, 1804-1893. The Hemans reader for female schools: containing extracts in prose and poetry / selected from the writings of more than one hundred and thirty different authors.

Sanders, Charles Walton, 1805-1889. The school reader. First book: containing easy progressive lessons in reading and spelling. See also: http://www.orgs.muohio.edu/anthologies/school/Sanders,Charles5.htm

Sanders, Charles Walton, 1805-1889. Sanders' high school reader: embracing a comprehensive course of instruction in the principles of rhetorical reading: with a choice collection of exercises in reading, both in prose and poetry, for the use of the higher classes in schools of every grade.

Sargent, Epes, 1813-1880. The standard speaker: containing exercises in prose and poetry for declamation in schools, academies, lyceums, colleges, newly translated or compiled from celebrated orators, authors, and popular debaters, ancient and modern, a treatise on oratory and elocution, notes explanatory and biographical.

Scott, William (1715-1804). Lessons in elocution or A selection of pieces in prose and verse for the improvement of youth in reading and speaking by William Scott to which are prefixed elements of gesture, illustrated by four plates; and rules for expressing, with propriety, the various passions of the mind, also an appendix containing lessons on a new plan. Montpelier, VT: E. P. Walton. (1820) first American edition, 1795.

Sigourney, Lydia Howard, 1791-1865. The girl's reading-book: in prose and poetry, for schools.

Smith, William Palmer (1870/1926). Oral English for secondary schools. NY: The Macmillan Company.

Tower, David Bates, 1808-1868 and Tweed, Benjamin. First lessons in language, or, Elements of English grammar.

Tower, David Bates, 1808-1868. Vol.1 The gradual primer, or, Primary school enunciator. Part I: The child's first step, taken in the right place.

Tower, David B. & Walker, Cornelius (1855). North American first class reader; the sixth book of Tower's series for common schools; in which the higher principles of elocution are explained and illustrated by appropriate exercises. NY: D Burgess & Co.

Town, Salem, 1779-1864 & Holbrook, Nelson, M.The progressive third reader, for public and private schools: containing the elementary principles of elocution, illustrated by examples and exercises in connection with the tables and rules, and a series of lessons in reading: with original designs and engravings.

Town, Salem, 1779-1864. Town's new speller and definer: containing a new and complete key to pronunciation: an introduction to the "Analysis of derivative words in the English language", dictation exercises, and various other improvements.

Victor, Orville James, 1827-1910. Beadle's dime American speaker: comprising gems of elocution and humor, for schools, exhibitions, parlors, etc.

Webster, Noah, (1794). An American selection of lessons in reading and speaking: calculated to improve the minds and refine the taste of youth: and also to instruct them in the geography, history, and politics of the United States: to which are prefixed, rules in elocution, and directions for expressing the principal passions of the mind: being the third part of a Grammatical institute of the English language: to which is added, an appendix, containing several new dialogues. Hartford, CT: Hudson & Goodwin.

Willson, (1840). The American class-reader; containing a series of lessons in reading; with introductory exercises in articulation, inflection, emphasis, and other essential elements of correct natural elocution; designed for academies and common schools. Canandaigua, NY: C. Morse.

Wood, Samuel (1810-1813) The art of reading, or, Rules for the attainment of a just and correct enunciation of written language: mostly selected from Walker's Elements of elocution, and adapted to the use of schools.

Venezky, Richard (1987). A history of the American reading textbook, Elementary School Journal,87, 251.