References for ASHA's European Ancestry

Adler, A. & Jelliffe, S. (1917). Study of organ inferiority and its psychical compensation: A contribution to clinical medicine. Nervous and Mental Disease Publishing Company.

Adler, A. (1931). What life should mean to you. New York, NY: Capricorn.

Anon (2021). Talk School: Association Method. Retrieved from,Deaf%20in%20St%20Louis%20over%20fifty%20years%20ago.

ASHA (2021). The history of ASHA. Retrieved from

ASHA Archives (2021). Photographs of minutes from the first meeting. Retrieved from

Bar-Adon, A. (1971) Child language: A book of readings. Prentice Hall.

Black, J. (1980). Froeschels in perspective. Chapter 2 in R. Reiber (ed.) Language development and aphasia in children. New essays and a translation of Froeschels (1884). Academic Press.

Blanton, S. (1921). Speech disorders as a psychiatric problem. Journal of the American Medical Association, 77, 373-377.

Broca P (1861). Loss of speech, chronic softening and partial destruction of the anterior left lobe of the brain, Bulletin de la Société Anthropologique, 2, 235-238. English translation by Christopher D. Green. Retrieved from

Broca P (1863). Localisation des fonctions cerebrales. Siege du langage articule. Bulletin of the Soc of Anthropology (Paris) 200–204.

Broca P. (1865). Sur le siege de la faculte du langage articule. Bulletin of the Society of Anthropology (Paris) 377–393. Retrieved from :

Bühler, C. (1930). The first year of life. Trans. Pearl Greenberg and Rowena Ripin. ohn Day Company.

Bühler, C. (1937). From birth to maturity: An outline of the psychological development of the child. Trans. Esther and William Menaker. Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner and Co.

Buhler, K. (1930) Mental development of the child. Routledge.

Coen, R. (1886). Pathologie und Therapie der Sprachanomalien. Vienna: Urban & Schwarzenberg.

Coen, R. (1888). Die Horstummheit und ihre Behandlung. Wiener Klinik 7:201-230.

Coen, R. (1897). Beobachtungen und Erfahrungen auf den Gebiete der Sprachheilkunde. Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke.

Conradi, E. (1904). Psychology and pathology of speech development in the child. Pedagogical Seminary, 11, 328-380. Retrieved from:

Dennis, M. (1985). William Preyer (1841–1897) and his neuropsychology of language acquisition. Developmental Neuropsychology, 1, 4, 287-315.

Duchan, J. (2021). Emil Froeschels’ therapy approaches.

Duchan, J. & Felsenfeld, S. (in press). Cluttering framed: An historical overview. Advances in Communication and Swallowing.

Freud, E. (1979). Vignettes of my life (1899-1979). Retrieved from:

Freud, S. (1891). On aphasia. Retrieved from:

Freud,S. (1893). Studies on hysteria.The case of Frau Emmy von N. 10 J.Strachey (Ed. and Trans. 1955) The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud.(vol. 2, pp. 48-106). Hogarth Press.

Froeschels, E. (1933). Speech therapy. Boston, MA: Expression Company.

Froeschels, E. (1945). The psychosomatic approach to speech disturbances, Journal of Speech Disorders, 10, 221-225.

Froeschels, E. (1951). Stuttering and psychotherapy. Folia Phoniatrica, 3, 1-9.

Froeschels, E. (1952). Chewing method as therapy. Archives of Otolaryngology, 56, 427–434.

Froeschels, E. (1962). A survey of European literature in speech and voice pathology, Asha, 4, 172-181.

Froeschels, E. (1964). The use of logopedic methods in the treatment of some non-logopedic problems. Pirquet Bulletin of Clinical Medicine, 11, 5-8.

Froeschels, E. (1966). New York Society for Speech and Voice Therapy in its 20th year. Folia Phoniatrica, 18, 303-306.

Froeschels, E., Dittrich, O., & Wilheim, I. (1932). Psychological elements in speech. Boston: Expression Company

Gall FJ (1822–1825). Sur les fonctions du cerveau et sur celles de chacune de ses parties. 6 Bandes. J.B. Baillie`re, Paris.

Gall, F. (1835). The function of the brain and each of its parts, 5: Organology. Boston, MA: Marsh, Capen, & Lyon.

Glauber, I. (1958). Freud’s contribution on stuttering: Their relation to some current insights. Journal of the American Psychoanalytcal Association, 6, 2, 326-347. DOI: 10.1177/000306515800600211

Goldstein, M. (1895) The possibility of obtaining marked improvement in the treatment of deafness and supposed deaf-mutism by acoustic gymnastics : A system of vocal training of the auditory nerve, as advocated by Professor Urbantschitsch of Vienna. Archives of Otology, 24, 1.

Greene, J. S. (1918). Releasing the tongues of men: How speech defects are successfully cured at a free medical clinic for their treatment. Survey, 41, 65-67.

Greene, J. (1923). Some conclusions derived from the last five years’ work at the National Hospital for Speech Disorders. Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, 189, 2, 57-62

Guttmann, O. (1882) Aesthetics of physical culture. The Voice, 4: 61-63.

Guttmann, O. (1882). Gymnastics of the voice. NY: Edgar Werner. Retrieved from:

Gutzmann, A. (1878). Das Tumen der Taubstummen. Berlin: W. E. Angerstein.

Hoffman, R. (2020). Alfred Adler's theories of individual psychology and Adlerian therapy. Simply Psychology.

Kofler, L. (1887). Art of breathing as the basis of tone-production for singers, elocutionists, educators, lawyers, preachers, and all others desirous of having good health. Kessinger Publishing Company.

Kuczkowski, J., Cieszynska, J., Plichta, L., Tretiakow, D. & Stodulski, K. (2015). Hermann Gutzmann (1865–1922): The father of phoniatrics, an independent specialty. Journal of Voice, 29, 3, 263-264.

Kussmaul, P. A. (1877). Disturbances of speech. (Vol. 14). Ziemssen's Cyclopaedia of the Practice of Medicine.

Lahey, M. (1999). The history of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics. (4th Edition).

Lichtheim, L. (1885). On aphasia, Brain, 7, 4, 433-484.

Liebmann, A. (1898). Angeborene psychische Taubheit. Allgemeine Medicinlsche Central-Zeitung 67:377-380.

Mahr, G. & Leith, W. (1992). Psychogenic stuttering of adult onset. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 35, 2, 283-86.

Malone, R. (1999) The first 75 years: An oral history of the American-Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Washington, DC: American Speech-Language and Hearing Association.

McGinnis, M. (1939) The association method for diagnosis and treatment of congenital aphasia" Independent Studies and Capstones. Paper 143. Program in Audiology and Communication Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine. Retrieved from:

McGinnis, M. (1963). Aphasic children: Identification and training by the association method (2nd ed.). (First edition is McGinnis’ thesis, 1939) Washington, D.C.: Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf.

Merritt, F. (1954) Werner’s Magazine: Pioneer speech journal. Dissertation on E. S. Werner. Louisiana State University. Retrieved from:

Merritt, F. (1953). Werner's Magazine: Pioneer speech journal. Unpublished dissertation, Department of Speech, Louisiana State University. Retrieved from:

Ogilvie, M. (1942). Terminology and definitions of speech defects. Dissertation NY: Teachers’ College, Columbia University. Retrieved from:

Paden, E. (1970). A History of the American Speech and Hearing Association 1925-1958. ASHA.

Potter, S. (1882) Speech and its defects. Speech and its defects. Retrieved from:

Preyer, W. (1881). The mind of the hild. New York: Arnu. (Reprint of volume published in English in 1973).

Reiber, R. W. (1980) Language development and aphasia in children. New essays and a translation of Froeschels (1884). NY: Academic Press. Retrieved from:

Rieber, R., & Froeschels, E. (1966) An historical review of the European literature in speech pathology. In R. W. Rieber & R. S. Brubaker (Eds.). Speech Pathology. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

Robertson, S. (2019). Calling all imaginologists: Share your story. ASHA Leader, 24, 7, 10-11. Retrieved from:

Speech Easy (2021) History of speech pathology. Retrieved from:

Stathopoulos E, & Duchan J. (2006). History and principles of exercise-based therapy: how they inform our current treatment. Seminars in Speech and Language, 27(4) 227–35.

Stern, C. & Stern, W. (1907). The Children's Language. 1907, (Reprint Scientific Book Society Darmstadt,1987

Stern, C & Stern, W. (1914) Psychology of Early Childhood up to the Sixth Year. (Clara Stern translated the third edition of this book into English and that text was published in 1924.)

Treitel, L. (1892). Dber Sprachstorung und Sprachentwicklung. Archiv fiir Psy- chiatrie and Nervenkrankheiten 24:578-611.

Treitel,L.(1893).Uber Aphasieim Kindesalter.Sammlung Klinischer Vortriige, Neue Folge, 64 (Innere Medicin No. 22):629-654.

Treitel, L. (1894). Grundriss der Sprachstiirungen. Berlin: August Hirschwald.

Treitel, L. (1900). Ueber Horstummheit. Zeitschrift fur Ohrenheilkunde 36:304- 314.

Urbantschitsch, V. (1892/ reprinted in English in 1982). Auditory training for deaf mutism and acquired deafness. Washington, D.C. : Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf.

Van Riper, C. (1981). An early history of ASHA. ASHA Magazine, 23, 11, 885-858.

Van Riper, C. (1984). Henry Freund, 1896-1982. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 7, 93-102.

Van Riper, C. (1989) Recollections from a pioneer. ASHA,72-73. Retrieved from:

Von Leden, H. (1990). Pioneers in the evolution of voice care and voice science in the United States of America. Journal of Voice, 4, 2, 99-106.

Vrticka, K. (2009). Who was standing at the cradle of phoniatrics? Folia Phoniatrica, 61, 311-315.

Weiner, P. (1986). The study of childhood language disorders: 19th century perspectives. Journal of Communication Disorders, 19, 1-47.

Weiss, D. (1964). Cluttering. Prentice Hall.

Weiss, D. & Beebe, H. (1951) The chewing approach in speech and voice therapy. Karger.

Werner, E. S. (1879) Werner’s Magazine. Retrieved from

Wernicke, K. (1874). Der aphasische Symptomencomplex. Eine psychologische Studie auf anatomischer Basis [The aphasic symptom complex: a psychological study from an anatomical basis]; Breslau, M. Crohn und Weigert.

Wikipedia contributors (2021). Heinrich von Newmann. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, retrieved from

Wolff, N. (2006).Washington School of Medicine: Oral History Project. Transcript: Norman C. Wolff, Jr. Retrieved from:

Wundt, W. (1896) Outlines of Psychology, Grundriss der Psychologie, Leipzig. (in German).