William Cullen was an 18th century Scottish physician and chemist.
His chief works were First Lines of the Practice of Physic; Institutions of Medicine (1710) and Synopsis Nosologiae Methodicae (1785). In the 1785 work he classified diseases into four major groups:
- Pyrexiae, or febrile diseases, as typhus fever
- Neuroses, or nervous diseases, as epilepsy
- Cachexiae, or diseases resulting from bad habit of body such as scurvy
- Locales, or local diseases, as cancer
Writings of William Cullen
Cullen William (1784). First Lines of the Practice of Physic Edinburgh: C. Elliot & T. Cadell.
Writings about William Cullen
Cramer, M. and De Morsier, G. (1976). Teachings of the physician William Cullen of Edinburgh (1712-1790) transcribed by his student physician Louis Odier of Geneva (1748-1817)]" (in French). Gesnerus 33 (3-4): 217–27. PMID 793940.
Crellin, JK (January 1971). "William Cullen: his calibre as a teacher, and an unpublished introduction to his A Treatise of the Materia Medica, London, 1773". Medical History 15 (1): 79–87. PMID 4929623.
Doig, A, et al, eds, (1993). William Cullen and the Eighteenth Century Medical World , Edinburgh, Scotland: Edinburgh University Press, 1993)
Stott, R. (April 1987). "Health and virtue: or, how to keep out of harm's way. Lectures on pathology and therapeutics by William Cullen c. 1770". Medical History 31 (2): 123–42. PMID 3550326.
Wightman, William (1990). Cullen, William. In C Gillespie (ed,) Dictionary of Scientific Biography, NY: Scribner's.