Military History & Related Sciences
- Map Library, West Point, Dept. of History. Maps from the West Point Atlas series.
- U.S. Army Center of Military History. Good starting point for research on any period of American military history. Also includes relevant non-military materials. Includes archives, documents, bibliographies, images, and addtional resources.
- War, Peace, & Security. (Information Resource Centre, Canadian Forces College (Toronto)). Has data on many topics, including: military history, international relations, international organizations, and peace and disarmament.
- Military Flags. Site is for miniature figures and wargamers, but has good images of flags from many wars.
- War Photos. Covers all American wars. Not a large collection, but some interesting items.
- Battlefield Anomalies. Site for those "who would like to learn a little more about military history." Offers more critical look at a number of battles/campaigns, with illustrations, maps, and citations.
- U.S. Military Manpower 1789 to 1997. Data for army strength on a table, by year.
- From Dot to Domesday. "History of Britain, from its creation, by rising sea levels at the end of the last ice age, to, the product of William the Conqueror's great survey of his kingdom, the Domesday Book.
Norman Invasion of England
- Essential Norman Conquest. History, timelines, 3-D views of warriors, 360-degree photos of the battlefield, photographs, maps, links, etc.
- Secrets of the Norman Invasion. All aspects, including pre-invasion, Saxon Chronicles & Domesday source materials, Bayeux Tapestry, maps, photos, and more.
- Battle of Hastings.
An often overlooked period of history, which deserves more attention than it receives.
- American Revolution page. Part of the WWW Virtual Library. Covers both the war and the period in American/World history.
Bibliographies of the War of American Independence. Historical Resources Branch, U.S. Army Center of Military History. Organized into distinct topics. Good starting point for research.
Declaring Independence: Drafting the Documents. Library of Congress exhibit on the main documents that established the United States of America.Intelligence in the War of Independence. CIA site on the history and role of espionage during the war.
- Maps of Campaigns and Battles. LC's Geography and Map Division exhibit and collection guides.
- Texts About the American Civil War from the Modern English Collection of the Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia. Black Dispatches: Black American Contributions to Union Intelligence During the Civil War. CIA site on the history and role of African-Americans in espionage during the war.Civil War Maps Collection. In the Geography and Map Division, Library of Congress. Manuscript and other maps. Large quantity of well digitized maps. Civil War Atlas. West Point Map collection.Gettysburg Discussion Group. Excellent site, with source and resource materials, orders of battle, discussions, and other materials on the great campaign and battle.
- Civil War Resources on the Web. Emphasis on New York in the Civil War, but also has much on the national histories as well.
- Napoleon.org. The Napoleon Foundation. Wide variety of materials. Articles, images, artifacts, and more.Atlas of the Napoleonic Wars. West Point Map collection.Evolution of Napoleonic Uniforms (still under construction). An Illustrated History. An incredible site, well researched, detailed descriptions and histories of the armies during the period. Has uniforms, flags and standards, and in-depth text about each unit. Also describes tactics, organization, and some of the personages of each nation. Some major powers complete.Uniforms: Histofig.com Napoleonic Site. Great uniform plates, flags, photographs, text, and other materials. In English and French (not all in English).Napoleon Series (great site). Includes histories of units, biographies, campaigns, and battles, among other resources. Has "Orders of Battle" for a number of battles. Some of the main links:
- Battle Listings encyclopedic list of Napoleonic-era battles, itemizing the armies, generals, dates, and numbers involved including the resulting victors and treaties. Battles & Campaigns articles on campaigns and battlesCivil Code. Not military, but one of Napoleon's greatest gifts to France. Generals Who Served in the French Army during the Period 1789-1815. Detailed bio-summaries, with more extensive bio pages for famous generals. Other pages available on other nations. Map Archives collection of maps providing detailed information on terrain, events, and unit deployments of different battlefieldsOrganization, Strategy, & Tactics articles on organization of units and armies, uniform details, and how these units were used on campaign and in battle. Uniform plates and medals are shown here. Virtual Battlefields photographs and descriptions of Napoleonic era battlefields
- Military Cross-Reference Index to the above topics and more.
- Napoleon, His Army and Enemies (Campaigns-Battles-Strategy-Tactics-Commanders-Uniforms-Maps). Very good, comprehensive site with good text and visuals, references, and links to other reliable resources.
- Napoleonic Guide (NapoleonicWars.org: Site temporarily unavailable--try again though). Large collection of resources, including: books, maps, chronologies, images, histories, and more. Napoleon Bonaparte Internet Guide. One interesting feature: transcripts from 1815 newspapers. Also has articles, links to other resources. Napoleon 1st. Website with a variety of resources, links (and interesting sound effects). Napoleonic Literature. "Classic Napoleonic literature and art in electronic format." Full texts of old books; images and other materials. Napoleonic Links Page. Compiled by Osprey Publishing. Good links (some need updating).Royal Navy During the Napoleonic Era (1793-1815). All aspects of the naval experience. Good source for some period Maps.1812: Napoleon's March to Russia. Capsule history of the Russian Campaign, with text, images, maps, and links to further related sites. (Warning, some links do not work).Ian Fletcher's Battlefield Tours. Scholarly author runs tours of various Napoleonic campaigns. Also has links to additional pages on the period.
- Virtual Arc de Triomphe. "Virtual version of the Arc de Triomphe, a monument to the brave individuals and military victories of the French Revolution, Consulate, and First Empire." Includes:
- Battlefield Anomalies. Many battles and campaigns are critically studied on this site.
- King's German Legion online page. History of this famous force.
An important part of the Napoleonic period is the Empress Josephine. I have added a few items relating to her and to her influence on French and European culture and life.
- Joséphine de Beauharnais (de Tascher de la Pagerie). French language webiste published by the current members of the family Tascher de la Pagerie.
- Château de Malmaison (Official website). Joséphine's residence from 1799 to 1814 (French).
- My Little Empire. Blog by a Ph.D. student whose interests includes Josephine and the early 19th Century. Good images of the Empress and of her home, Chateau de la Malmaison. Her LINKS page leads to many great resources on the period, especially those relating to women.
- Austrian Artillery During the Napoleonic Wars (Artillery-Engineers). History and uniforms.
- French Army Uniforms by Knötel. Site in German, but easy to use. This page is in French. Uniform plates cover 18th-late 19th centuries (with some 17th). Napoleonic period includes French, French Allies and Auxiliaries, and 1814 Royal period. Very useful for finding unit distinctives.
Waterloo Battle, 1815
- Waterloo Battlefield Visitor's Center. Has views of the field, history, panorama of the Cuirassiers' Charge, a movie clip with excerpts from the film "Waterloo," and other materials.Waterloo Battlefield (travel information and links).
- Hougoumont Farm. One of the key features on the Waterloo battlefield.
- The War of 1812 Homepage from Napoleonicwars.org.
- The War of 1812 Website. From Military Heritage. Another site for data, histories, and related items.
- U.S. Army home page.U.S. Army Military History Institute. U.S. Army, an Institute of the U.S. Army War College. Has a Digital Library, Images section, Finding Aids section (bibliographies, etc.), including Unit History Bibliographies, and many other services. Also has many other services such as: Medal of Honor Citations (full-text), Links to Army Museums, Army Nurse Corps History, Prints and Poster series, and other.U.S. Army Training & Doctrine Command Command & General Staff College (U.S. Army, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas).History Department, U.S.Military Academy U.S. Navy Photo Gallery. Official photographs of the Navy in action.Naval Historical Center. (Department of the Navy). Historical text, art, and photographs. The Center has a library, archives, and resources many other topics.USS Constitution. Official U.S. Navy site celebrating 200 years of Old Ironsides in 1997. Great images and history.
- USS Constellation Another frigate, berthed in Baltimore, Maryland. Also has photographs, history, and other items.
- United States Army Insignia. Covers rank and medals for all periods of American history.
- Land Forces of Britain, the Empire and Commonwealth. Comprehensive site (over 1,000 links) on all aspects of the British Army and its related forces throughout the World. Well organized.
- Cap Badges of British Army Units. Alphabetical Index to illustrations; a commercial site for collectors.
- Victoria Cross Society.
- Anglo-Zulu War (Ian Knight). Historian's page (Knight has written a number of books on the war). Very good resources are included here. Also, visit the "Ultimate tour" page.
- Anglo Zulu War Research Society (AZWRS).
- Anglo Zulu War Historical Society.
- Engineers and the Zulu War 1879 (Royal Engineers Museum). Good history, with original photos.
- Rorke's Drift. Site has histories, rolls, maps, and biographies, illustrations and photographs of many of the participants. Highlights Victoria Cross recipients. Also has other battles, from Isandhlwana to Ulundi.
- Major Battles (British Battles website). Brief histories, with illustrations, maps:
- Anglo Zulu War Historical Society. Organization representing both sides of the conflict. Photos, articles, other information.
- Isandlwana & Rorke's Drift. Photos showing battlefields today.
- Zulu War links. Page for wargamers, but has good links to history pages.
- Royal Regiment of Wales (24th/41st) Museum. Official regimental website of the 24th Regiment.
- 1879 Timeline. Key events of the war.
- Martinis and the Zulu-War. Describes the predominant British weapon.
- Anglo Zulu War 1879 (Battlefields of KwaZulu Natal). Photographs, maps, history.
- Zulu War 1879 Discussion & Reference Forum. If you want to join in various discussions, see images and other materials .
- Victoria Crosses of the Zulu, Basuto & 1st Boer Wars. Includes photographs of recipients and dates of award.
- List of Zulu War Victoria Cross recipients.
- Zulu (isiZulu) Language pronunciation guide (Omniglot). Links also to dictionaries and additional materials.
- Zulu Name generator. Names are based on Zulu-sounding words. "Nonsense" but interesting.
- The Maritime History Virtual Archives. Incredible site. Includes transcripts of naval texts, including: Naval history, Maritime history, Food and provisions, Gunnery, Ships, Duties of Officers and Men, and many others. Texts are in the language of their original authors (e.g., English, Dutch, Swedish, etc.).
- Royal Navy During the Napoleonic Era (1793-1815).
Created by David J. Bertuca
Last update: 25 April 2013
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