Expectancies at High vs. Low Doses Among Heavy and Light Drinking
Female College Students (powerpoint)
outcome expectancies have been shown to be strong predictors
of drinking behavior, particularly among college students.
Recent research has focused on expectancies regarding the
positive effects of alcohol, and suggests that level of endorsement
of positive expectancies may vary based on a number of individual
level factors. Though some studies suggest that beliefs about
alcohol may vary according to perceived alcohol dose the bulk
of literature has not distinguished between heavy and light
doses of alcohol in examining expectancy endorsement. Further,
as drinking behaviors have been shown to influence alcohol
expectancies, it is likely that endorsement of expectancies
at different doses might vary by drinker status (i.e., heavy
versus light drinkers). Identifying those expectancies most
held by different types of drinkers could point to specific
areas to be targeted in tailored expectancy-based interventions.
Accordingly, the purpose of the present study was to compare
heavy and light drinkers on alcohol outcome expectancies across
two different imagined doses of alcohol (two drinks and four
or more drinks).
B.S., Karecha, P.V., Saturn, S.B., Schor, A.C., & Read,
J.P. (2004 November). Positive Expectancies at High vs.
Low Doses Among Heavy and Light Drinking Female College Students.
Presented at the 38th annual conference for the Association
for the Advancement of Behavioral Therapy in New Orleans,
Modified Computer Version of the PASAT to Induce Negative
Affect in College Students (powerpoint)
tasks that effectively elicit negative affect will facilitate
laboratory examination of negative mood and related factors.
Recent research suggests that the Paced Auditory Serial Addition
Task (PASAT) may be used to induce negative mood in laboratory
paradigms (Lejuez et al., 2003). The purpose of the present
study was to assess the efficacy of a modified PASAT (PASAT-C)
to induce negative mood in a sample of college students. Additionally,
the present study examined whether reactivity to this mood
induction varied by levels of baseline depressive symptomatology.
M.C., Leffler, S.L., Lejuez, C.W., & Read, J.P. (2004
November) Using a Modified Computer Version of the PASAT
to Induce Negative Affect in College Students. Presented
at the 38th annual conference for the Association for the
Advancement of Behavioral Therapy in New Orleans, Louisiana.