Accessible Design in Public Housing: NYCHA Staff Training Program

Version 4.0 July 9, 2001

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Edward Steinfeld and Danise Levine, 2001
Additional information Doors and Gates
Section 4.13.2
Note that the door in Figure 1 does not comply with the requirement for a latch side clearance on the pull side of a door. This will be changed in a later revision.
Revolving door
Figure 1
 
If a revolving door or turnstile is used on an accessible route, is an accessible door or gate provided to facilitate the same use pattern?

    
Section 4.13.3
Note: All gates including ticket gates must meet all the applicable specifications for doors.
Section 4.13.4
Independently operated door leaves
Figure 2

If the doorway has two independently operated door leaves, does at least one active leaf provide a 32 inch clear opening width & maneuvering space?

    
Section 4.13.5
Clear opening for doors 

Door width
Parameters for determining door widths.
Door opened 90 degrees
Figure 3
 
When a door is open 90 degrees, is there a clear opening at least 32 inches measured between the face of the door and the door stop on the latch side?

    
When a door is not used for passage, the width can be smaller. But, the maneuvering clearances required by UFAS to open a door are still necessary. 
closet.jpg (13300 bytes)
Figure 4
 
If the door does not require full user passage, such as a shallow closet, is the clear opening at least 20 inches?

    
Section 4.13.6
Required door maneuvering clearances:

Front approach - Pull side
Figure A: Front Approach, Pull 
Side


Front approach - Push side
Figure B: Front Approach, 
Push Side
Note: x=12 in. if door has both a 
latch and a closer


Hinge side approach - pull side
Figure C: Hinge Side Approach, 
Pull Side
Note: x=36 in. min. if y=60 in.; x=42 in.
 min. if y=54in.


Hinge side approach - push side
Figure D: Hinge Side Approach, 
Push Side
Note: y=48 in. min. if door has both a 
latch and a closer


Latch side approach - pull side
Figure E: Latch Side Approach, 
Pull Side
Note: y=54 in. min. if door has a closer.


Latch side approach - push side
Note: y=48 in. min. if door has a closer.

Figure F: Latch Side Approach, 
Push Side

To answer the following three questions (Examples 1, 2 and 3) refer to the required clearances at the left in Figures A through F.
 
 
EXAMPLE 1
Apartment entry
Note: this door is the entry to an apartment and would have a closer on it.
 
Figure 5

Does the door have maneuvering space relative to the direction of approach as shown in the figures to the left? (see Figures A through F)

    
 
In new construction, each door must comply with all the directions of approach that are likely in each case but this is not always possible to achieve in existing buildings. For example, a latch side approach to the door in Fig. 5 is impossible due to the location of the column In new construction, this location of a column would be unacceptable since it  blocks access to and from the door. But, it is technically infeasible to move the column in renovations.  

EXAMPLE 2
Planb
Figure 6

If the door  is not automatic or power assisted, does it have maneuvering space relative to the direction of approach as shown in the figures to the left? (see Figures A through F)

Note: Evaluate  doors X and Y in Fig. 6.

    

EXAMPLE 3
Plan1c
Figure 7

Does the door have maneuvering space  as shown in the figures to the left? (see Figures A through F)

    

Is the floor level and clear within the maneuvering space? (see Figures 5-11)

    
Section 4.13.7
Two doors in series swinging outward
Figure 11
 
If there are two doors in series, is the clear space between the walls at either end of the vestibule at least 48 inches plus the width of the door?

    
Example from a NYCHA building

Lack of clear space
There required  clearance for a front approach from the pull side for entry into the bathroom is 18 in. The door jamb obstructs this clearance in this example so it does not comply. The doorway on the left implies that there would be a latch side approach to this door also but, if it was possible to move out into the hallway and turn around before opening the door, compliance with a latch side clearance would not be necessary.
Two doors in series swinging in opposite directions
Figure 12
 
Do the doors in the series swing in the same direction or do they swing away from the space between them?

    
Section 4.13.8
Raised threshold
Figure 13

If there is a raised threshold, is it beveled at 1:2 or less?

    
Is the threshold no higher than 1/2 inch?(see Figure 13)

Exception: An exterior sliding door can have a 3/4 inch threshold.


    
Section 4.13.9
Lever handles and latches  that are operable without twisting of the wrist.

Lever handle

Example 1.

Lever handle
Example 2.

Lever handle
Example 3.
Door with lever handle
Figure 14

Are all handles, locks, and latches operable with one hand? Are they operable without tight pinching, tight grasping or twisting of the wrist?

    
Sliding door
Figure 15

If there are sliding doors, is the operating hardware exposed and usable from both sides when the doors are fully open?

    
 

 

 

 

 

 

This requirement applies to locks on doors that are installed by NYCHA including dead bolts and chains.  It also applies to peepholes in the door.  Ideally, two peepholes should be installed, one at the lower height and one at the typical height.  

Door hardware
Figure 16

Is the hardware mounted no higher than 48 inches above the floor level?

    
Section 4.13.10

Interior door with a closer.
Door with closer
Figure 17

If the door has a closer, does it take at least 3 seconds to move from 70 degrees open to a point 3 inches from the latch?

    
Section 4.13.11
Technique for measuring opening door force


Measuring door force from the pull side of a door. 


Door force can be measured with a door force gauge.
Door force
Figure 18

Do interior doors have an opening force of 5 lbs or less?
 
Where would the force of opening be measured?

    
Section 4.13.9; 4.29.3
Doorknob with textured surface
Figure 19

Are doors to hazardous areas identifiable to the touch by a textured surface on the door handle, knob, pull, or other operating hardware?

    
Is this texturing used only used on doors that lead to hazardous areas ? (see Figure 20)

    
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