Examined spectra of gas-phase vapors

Discovered theory of freezing point depression

Major developer of organic chemistry of nitrogen-containing compounds, and the Hofmann Reaction  and Hofmann Degradation are just two of many reactions named after him

Discovered structural isomers

Invented galvanometer; studied catalytic effects of Pt on hydrogen combustion

Developed chemical assay kits; supported Lavoisier and argued against phlogiston

Founded first chemical-pharmaceutical institute in Germany

Established first specialized scientific journal, Magazine fur Ärzte

Developed new approaches to diagnosis

Email:  twood@acsu.buffalo.edu