Canton, Ohio Lab 3

Hall of Fame City

Canton, Ohio is the county seat of Stark County.
Bezaleel Wells founded Canton in 1805. The community grew slowly during the first half of the nineteenth century. By 1815, only three hundred people resided in the town. One of the main reasons for Canton's slow development was its distance from transportation routes. During the late 1820s, planners of the Ohio and Erie Canal offered to build the canal through Canton. Residents refused, believing that disease would run rampant through the community due to the standing water in the canal. As a result, the Ohio and Erie Canal skipped Canton, traveling through nearby Massillon, Ohio, instead. The canal actually improved the health of Massillon residents, draining the neighboring swamps of putrid water. Canton also rejected railroads initially. The developers of the Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad offered to build the track through Canton, if residents pledged ten thousand dollars to the line's construction. City officials refused, believing that the railroad would have to build the track through Canton anyway. The developers constructed the line eighteen miles east of Canton,through Alliance, Ohio, allowing Alliance to prosper.

Canton developed into an important agricultural and industrial center due to the American Civil War. Canton, along with Akron, emerged as the leading agricultural implement manufacturers in northeastern Ohio in the years leading up to and following the Civil War. Canton also developed as an important center for iron production. In 1888, Canton's manufacturing establishments brought in almost five million dollars in income. Machinery produced in Canton's factories was shipped across the world. Equally important to Canton's traditional industries during the 1880s was the emergence of watch-making establishments. The two main watch producers in Canton were Hampden Watch Manufacturing Company and the Dueber Watch Case Company. In 1890, these two companies employed over 2,300 people, roughly ten percent of Canton's population. Upon arriving in Canton from Connecticut and Cincinnati, Ohio respectively, these two companies merged, remaining in operation until the 1930s. In 1890, Canton's population numbered 26,337 people, more than double the number of residents who had lived in the city in 1880. Canton had emerged as one of Ohio's most important industrial centers. One of Canton's more famous residents was William McKinley, president of the United States.

During the twentieth century, many Canton businesses continued to be iron and steel manufacturers, but other businesses also emerged. Following World War II, Canton experienced some difficult times as these various industries declined in importance to the American economy. Other Ohio cities, including East Liverpool and Akron, have experienced similar difficulties. Some businesses have continued to prosper, including several dairies, which supply northeastern Ohio with large quantities of milk. Many Canton residents also earn their livelihood by working for several corporate poultry farms. A small tourism industry also exists in the city, due primarily to the Pro-Football Hall of Fame. In 1920, organizers founded the first professional football league in the city. In honor of this event, the National Football League authorized the Hall of Fame to be located in the city. One of Canton's most important businesses in the twentieth century was the Hoover Vacuum Cleaner Company. Hoover's home offices were located in Canton, and the company was one of the city's leading employers since the early 1900s. Other prominent Canton employers have been Diebold, Inc., a firm that principally manufactures security devices, and the Timken Company, historically a bearings manufacturer. In 2000, Canton had a population of over eighty thousand people. Local industries produced more than 1,500 different types of items.

Canton Population
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
78,772 78,637 78,379 73,114 72,898 72,892 72,535

I am proud to call Canton, Ohio my home-town. I was born and raised here. I can still remember the days of going to Belden Elementary School through K-6 grade. I used to walk to school everyday with my friends, we used to do the craziest things. I remember the time I got chased by a dog on way to school, I don't think I ever ran that fast for that long still to this day. My friends and I use to love playing outside. We use to get together and play all different types of sports and games. We use to play majority of them in the Saint Benedict Catholic Church field across the street from my house. This is where I found my love for football. I used line up across from my friends and pretend that I played for the Canton McKinley Bulldogs, which would be my future High School team. High school football is big in the city if Canton. Canton is the birthplace of football. Canton do not own a professional football team so the city all come together over high school football. Canton Mckinley home stadium is the Pro football Hall Of Fame stadium. The Hall of Fame is located literately behind the high school. High school football is so big in this area that our rival game against our arch-enemy the "Massillon Tigers", is the only high school game that is on the Vegas betting board. This rivalry game have been going on since 1894 this past year the two teams met up for the 125th time! The game caused a rivalry not only with the players involved but the two cities also.
The best time to come to the city is during Hall of Fame week. This is when there is a lot of festivities going on such as,the balloon festival, Rib burn-off, parade, and fireworks. This all about celebrating the new members of retried NFL players being inducted into the Hall of Fame. Towards the end of the week the players would give there induction speech reminiscing and sharing stories about the times they had while playing, This is a must see a lot of them give these amazing speeches that would have you laughing and even crying it is a good time. After a week of festivities there is a game that is played on that Sunday with real NFL teams. This is a kick-off celebrating the start of the Pre-season of Football. I always have a good times at this game.