Irus Braverman

Checkpoints in Israel/Palestine Project

Man in wheelchair going through the humanitarian lane in Qalandiya Checkpoint, June 2011. Photo by Irus Braverman Women in queue, Qalandiya Checkpoint, June 2011. Photo by Irus Braverman Women in queue, Qalandiya Checkpoint, June 2011. Photo by Irus Braverman Hawara Checkpoint, January 2009. Courtesy of MachsomWatch Bethlehem Crossing, 2008, man praying at 5:30am. Courtesy of MachsomWatch 'Old-style' checkpoint, El Hader 2004. Photo by Irus Braverman The Separation Wall. Photo by Irus Braverman Metal Queues and Turnstiles at Qalandiya Crossing. Photos by Irus Braverman Signs at the entrance to Qalandiya Crossing, 2008. Photo by Irus Braverman Abu Dis, The wall in its early stages. Photo by Irus Braverman The Wall, looking south from Abu Dis, East Jerusalem. Photo by Irus Braverman Inside the Bethlehem Crossing 2009. Photo by Irus Braverman Women walking through metal turnstile, Bethlehem Crossing, 2009. Photo by Irus Braverman Entrance to then newly established Bethlehem Crossing, 2009

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This project continues my examination of nationalism's physical manifestations in landscapes and things, utilizing my years of personal experience monitoring Israel’s checkpoints to consider the recent transformation of the Israel-West Bank border. Drawing on interviews with top military officers, state officials, and human rights activists as well as a series of participatory observations, I have argued that this transformation is the result of four major processes: reterritorialization, bureaucratization, neoliberalization, and de-humanization. This project was published in an important radical geography journal, Antipode, and has already been quoted extensively by surveillance and borders scholars.

In summer 2010, I provided an hour-long interview on this project for the Open University's Department of Politics and International Studies (POLIS) (hosted by Dr. Jef Huysmans: podcast and transcript available from Open University). I was also invited to present this work in several major surveillance and border conferences, such as Identinet in the United Kingdom and MIMED in Jerusalem.

While visiting Israel/Palestine in summer 2011 for the purpose of researching zoos there, I revisited a few Israeli checkpoints and interviewed several checkpoint activists. This fieldwork provided grounds for a new article forthcoming in Social & Legal Studies, this time exploring the very possibility of resistance to occupation.


(2012). Checkpoint Watch: Reflections on Israel's Border Administration in the West Bank, Social & Legal Studies 21:297-320. [SSRN].

(2011). Civilized Borders: A Study of Israel's New Border Regime. Antipode: A Radical Journal
of Geography 43(2): 264-295 [publisher] [SSRN].

(2008). "Checkpoint Gazes." In Acts of Citizenship, Isin, Engin and Greg Neilsen (eds.) (Zed Publishers). [SSRN].

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