Books Authored:



(with others) Debating Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality: Philosophical Dialogues Between Jorge J. E. Gracia and His Critics, edited by Ivan Jaksic, fifteen philosophers: Gracia, Alcoff, Appiah, Bernstein, Bloom, Garcia, Gonzalez, Gooding-Williams, Llorente, Mendieta, Nuccetelli, Outlaw, Pappas, Stavans, and Stigol.

Columbia University Press, in press. Critical articles with Gracia's responses.

APA Eastern Division session, Jan, 2016.

(With Ilan Stavans) Thirteen Ways of Looking at Latino Art. 

Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2014.

A conversation between Gracia and Ilan Stavans on a number of topics, such as race, ethnicity, identity, art, literature, philosophy, and politics based on 13 works of Latino art.

Painting Borges: Philosophy Interpreting Art Interpreting Literature.

Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2012.

Discussion issues raised in the context of the artistic interpretation of literature using the work of 17 Argentinean and Cuban artists and twelve of Jorge Luis Borges's stories.

Images of Thought: Philosophical Interpretations of Carlos Estévez's Art

Albany, NY: SUNY Press, in press

Systematic discussion of the nature and possibility of the philosophical interpretation of art.  It includes interpretations of 17 of the artist's works.


Latinos in America: Philosophy and Social Identity

Oxford: Blackwell, in press

Systematic discussion of social issues that affect Latinos/Hispanics in American Society.


Identidad hispana/latina: Una perspectiva filosófica

Mexico City: Paidós, 2006, pp.

Revised and expanded trans. into Spanish of Hispanic/Latino Identity:

Surviving Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality: A Challenge for the 21st Century
Surviving Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality in the Twenty-First Century

Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005; 205 pp.

Old Wine in New Skins: The Role of Tradition in Communication, Knowledge, and Group Identity

Miwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 2003; 134 pp.

The Aquinas Lecture, 2003.

Milwaukee, WI: Marquette University Press, 2003, 134 pp. This is the written version of Marquette University's Aquinas Lecture delivered on Feb. 23, 2003. The book examines the nature of tradition and how a proper metaphysical understanding of this notion as a kind of action clarifies its various uses and helps us understand in turn how communication, the preservation of knowledge, and group identity take place.


¿Qué son las categorias? 

Madrid: Ediciones Encuentro, 2002; 86 pp.

This deals primarily with the metaphysical/ontological issues posed by categories.


Filozofija i njena istorija

Belgrade: Filip Visnjic, 2002

(Trans. into Serbo-Croatian of previous title, by Svetozar Sindelic)


Suárez on Individuation

Second Printing. Milwaukee: Marquette University Press 2002, 302 pp.

Translation of Suárez's Disputation V: Individual Unity and Its Principle, with introduction, notes, bibliography, indexes, and an extensive glossary of technical terms.

How Can We Know What God Means? The Interpretation of Revelation

New York: Palgrave of St. Martin's Press, 2001; 87 pp.

This book presents a philosophical understanding of the conditions that must be satisfied by the interpretation of texts which are regarded as revealed by religious communities.  It has chapters on revelation, interpretation, various kinds of hermeneutical views (authorial, audiencial, literary, sociological, and theological), definitive interpretations, and the relativity of interpretations.  It argues for the preeminence of theological interpretations, for the logical possibility but the factual difficulty of definitive interpretations of revelations, and for the relativity of, but not relativisim in, these interpretations.

Hispanic/Latino Identity: A Philosophical Perspective

Oxford: Blackwell, 2000, XX, 236 pp.

This book presents a relational theory of Hispanic/Latino identity. In addition it discusses such topics as the nature of ethnicity, the name for Hispanics/Latinos, the origin of Hispanic/Latino identity, the role of mestizaje in Hispanic/Latino identity, the history of discussions of Latin American identity in Latin America, and the situation of Hispanics/Latinos in American philosophy today. The book is interdisciplinary, although it has a philosophical slant. It takes into account recent research in various disciplines: anthropology, sociology, history, philosophy, literature, and Latino studies.

Metaphysics and Its Task: The Search for the Categorial Foundation of Knowledge

Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1999, XX, 247 pp.

(Trans. into Chinese by Dao Xu Hao )

This book provides an answer to why metaphysics always recovers from the many attacks to which it has been subjected throughout its history by offering the first systematic analysis of the nature of the discipline. This is done by examining its object, method, aim, and the kind of propositions of which it is composed. Apart from a new conception of metaphysics and an explanation of the resilience of the discipline, the book presents a novel understanding of the nature and ontologial status of categories, an analysis of the nature of reductionism and its role in philosophy, and a discussion and criticism of the main views concerning the nature of metaphysics developed in the history of philosophy.


La filosofía y su historia: Cuestiones de historiografía filosófica

Mexico City:  Universidad National Autónoma de México, 1998


(Trans. into Spanish of previous title, by Juan José Sánchez, Filosofía y su historia: Cuestiones de historiografía filosófica)


Filosofía Hispánica: Concepto, orígen y foco historiográfico

Pamplona: Universidad de Navarra, 1998

This book presents a conception of the notion of Hispanic philosophy and includes articles on its identity, the character of Iberian scholasticism, Ibero-American philosophical identity, and the idea of liberation in Latin American philosophy.  

Texts: Ontological Status, Identity, Author, Audience

Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1996, 225 pp.

This book completes the theory of textuality whose logical and epistemological elements are presented in the previous book. It provides an ontological characterization of texts; it explores the issues raised by the identity of various texts; and it presents a view of the identity and function of authors and audiences and of their relations to texts individuality.

A Theory of Textuality: The Logic and Epistemology


Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1995, 327 pp.

The book presents the logical and epistemological dimensions of a theory of textuality which takes into account the relevant views of both analytic and Continental thinkers and also of major historical figures. It begins with a logical analysis of the notion of text resulting from a definition that serves as the basis for the distinctions subsequently drawn between texts on the one hand and language, artifacts, art objects, and works on the other; and for the classification of texts according to modality and function. The second part of the book uses the conclusions of the first part to solve the various epistemological issues which have been raised about texts by philosophers of language, semioticians, hermeneuticists, literary critics, semanticists, aestheticians, and historiographers.

Philosophy and Its History: Issues in Philosophical Historiography

Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1992, 409 pp.

1994 Eastern Division APA Book session devoted to it

This book is a systematic treatment of the main issues involved in philosophical historiography. It deals with such topics as the relation of philosophy to its history, the role of value judgments in historical accounts, the value of the history of philosophy for philosophy, the nature and role of texts and their interpretation in the history of philosophy, historiographical method, and the stages of development and progress of philosophical ideas. I defend two main theses. The first is that the history of philosophy must be done philosophically, that is, it must include philosophical judgments. The second is that one way to bring rapprochement between Anglo-American and Continental philosophy is through the study of the history of philosophy and its historiography.

The Metaphysics of Good and Evil According to Suárez: Disputations X and XI


With Douglas Davis. Munich and Vienna: Philosophia Verlag, 1989, 294 pp.

Translation of Suárez's Disputations X and XI with a detailed introduction, notes, bibliography, indexes and a glossary of technical terms.

Individuality: An Essay on the Foundations of Metaphysics

Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1988; XX, 315 pp.

1992 John N. Findlay Prize in Metaphysics.

The book begins, in the Introduction, by distinguishing six fundamental issues in the metaphysics of individuality: intension, extension, ontological status, the principle of individuation, discernibility, and reference. Each of the subsequent chapters addresses one of these issues. The book closes with a general assessment, bibliographies, and indexes. I argue, among other things, that ignorance of the complex interrelationships between the six identified issues leads to confusion and misunderstanding. In addition, I defend a primitive conception of individuality as non-instantiability, a neutral stance with respect to the ontological status of individuality, an existential principle of individuation, a spatio-temporal principle of discernibility and a tripartite theory of proper names and other individual-referencing expressions.

Introduction to the Problem of Individuation in the Early Middle Ages


Analytica Series München and Washington, DC: Philosophia Verlag and Catholic University of America Press, 1984; 2nd ed., Philosophia Verlage, 1988, 303 pp.

The book begins with a systematic chapter on the problem of individuation. Chapter 2 discusses Boethius and the metaphysical and logical approaches to the problem he initiates. Chapter 3 deals with the metaphysical views of Thierry of Chartres, Gilbert of Potiers and others. Chapter 4 takes up the logical view of Peter Abailard. The last chapter summarizes the book's findings.


Introducción al problema de la individuación en la alta edad media


Mexico City:  Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 1867; 382 pp.


Trans into Spanish of previous title, by Benjamin Valdivia, rev. by Mauricio Beuchot.

Suárez on Individuation

Milwaukee: Marquette University Press 1982, 302 pp.

Translation of Suárez's Disputation V: Individual Unity and Its Principle, with introduction, notes, bibliography, indexes, and an extensive glossary of technical terms.



Books Edited:


Forging People: Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality in Hispanic American and Latino/a Thought.

Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2011, xix, 349.

Articles by Janet Burke, Ted Humphrey, Jose Antonio Aguilar, Oscar Marti, Arleen Salles, Diego von Vacano, Renzo Llorente, Amy Oliver, Elizabeth Millan, Ofelia Schutte, Ivan Jaksic, and Ernesto Velasquez.

Identity, Memory, Diaspora: Voices of Cuban-American Artists, Writers, and Philosophers

With Lynette Bosch and Isabel Alvarex Borland

Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 2008, 284 pp.

This is a volume of interviews with introductory essays and samples of the work of the artists, writers, and philosophers.

Race or Ethnicity? On Black and Latino Identity

Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2007, 288 pp.

Articles by Linda Martín Alcoff, Kwame Anthony Appiah, Robert Bernasconi, J.L.A. García, Howard McGary and others.

With William Irwin, Philosophy and the Interpretation of Popular Culture

Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2006, 297 pp.

Articles by Gareth Matthews, Noel Carroll, Ted Cohen, Paul Cantor, and others.

With Elizabeth Millán-Zaibert, Latin American Philosophy for the 21st Century

Buffalo, NY: Prometheus, 2004, 440 pp.

Enlarged version of 1986 publication.

Mel Gibson's Passion and Philosophy: The Cross, the Questions, the Controversy

Chicago: Open Court, 2004; XIV, 271 pp.

Articles by Ralph McInerny, Mark A. Wrathall, Jerry L. Walls, Charles Taliaferro, William Irwin, James Lawler, Thomas E. Wartenberg, Paul Kurtz, J. Angelo Corlett, Eric Bronson, Jorge J.E. Gracia, Cynthia Freeland, Dallas Willard, Gareth B. Matthews, Bruce R. Reichenback, Paul K. Moser, Jonathan J. Sanford, Anna Länström, Gregory Bassham and David Baggett.

With Jiyuan Yu, Uses and Abuses of the Classics: Interpretation in Philosophy

London: Ashgate, 2004, 199 pp.

Articles by Livio Rossetti, Thomas M. Robinson, Gareth Matthews, Daniel Graham, Scott MacDonald, Kah Kyung Cho, Tamar Rudavsky, Alfred Ivery, John Wippel, and Jiyuan Yu, with introduction by Jorge J.E. Gracia.

Latin American Philosophy for the Twenty-First Century: The Human Condition, Values, and the Search for Identity

Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 2004; 440 pp.

With Elizabeth Millán-Zaibert.

This is a much expanded version of Latin American Philosophy in the XXth Century


With Jiyuan Yu, Rationality and Happiness: From the Ancients to the Early Medievals

Rochester, NY: The University of Rochester Press, 2003; XII, 252 pp.  

Articles by Jiyuan Yu, Jorge J.E. Gracia, Donald Morrison, C.C.W. Taylor, Julia Annas, Brad Inwood, Richard Bett, Mark L. McPherran, Gareth Matthews, John Marenbon, Jonathan Sanford, William E. Mann.

The Classics of Western Philosophy: A Reader's Guide

Oxford: Blackwell, 2003; XVIII, 614 pp.

With Gregory M. Reichberg and Bernard N. Schumacher.

This is a collection of articles on sixty-one classic works of western philosophy, written by well-known philosophers, including Michael Dummett, Terence Irwin, Michael Loux, Allen Wood, and others.


A Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages

Oxford: Blackwell, 2003; 739 pp.

With Timothy Noone.  

This is a collection of about 150 articles by such scholars as John Wippel, Scott MacDonald, Gyula Klima, Stephen Dumont, Richard Taylor, Alfred Ivry, Charles Lohr, Brian Davies, John Marenbon, and others. Ten articles concern historical background; the rest are on particular figures.

Individuation in Scholasticism: The Later Middle Ages and the Counter Reformation (1150-1650) (in Korean)

Seoul: CPH, 2003; 1027 pp.

Translated By Jaekyung Lee


Literary Philosophers: Borges, Calvino, Eco

New York: Routledge, 2002; VI, 248 pp.

With Carolyn Korsmeyer and Rodolphe Gasché

Essays by Ermanno Bencivenga, Rocco Cappozzi, Anthony Cascardi, Jorge Gracia, William Irwin, Deborah Knight, Carolyn Korsmeyer, Elizabeth Millan-Zaibert, WladimirKrysinski, Lois Parkinson Zamora, and Henry Sussman.


Hispanics/Latinos in the United States

Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1999, XX, 247 pp.

With Pablo De Greiff.

This book is a collection of articles by: Iris Young, Linda Alcoff, Ofelia Schutte, Walter Mignolo, Eduardo Mendieta, Leonardo Zaibert, Elizabeth Millán-Zaibert, Paula Moya, Suzanne Oboler, Thomas Pogge, Angelo Corlett, Pablo De Greiff and Jorge Gracia.


Individuation in Scholasticism: The Later Middle Ages and the Counter Reformation (1150-1650)

Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1994, 633 pp.

Collection of articles written especially for the volume by Ignacio Angelelli, Allan Bäck, Mauricio Beuchot, Stephen F. Brown, Ivan Boh, Jeremiah M. G. Hackett, Mark G. Henninger, Jorge J. E. Gracia, Peter O. King, John Kronen, Armand A. Maurer, Joseph Owens, Linda Peterson, Tamar M. Rudavsky, John F. Wippel, Allan B. Wolter.

Individuation and Identity in Early Modern Philosophy: Descartes to Kant

Albany. NY: SUNY Press, 1994, 283 pp.


With K. Barber

A collection of articles written especially for the volume by K. Barber, M. B. Bolton, D. Flage, E. Grosholz, T. M. Lennon, D. Garret, J. J. E. Gracia, L. B. McCullough, D. Radner, M. Radner, and F. Wilson.

Concepciones de la metafísica. Volume 17 of the Enciclopedia Ibero Americana de Filosofía

Madrid: Editorial Trotta, 1998, 357 pp.

This collection gathers articles on various conceptions of metaphysics, from Plato to analytic philosophy, by María Santa Cruz, Alfonso Gómez-Lobo, Carlos Bazán, Leiser Madanes, Plinio Junqueira Smith, Mercedes Torrevejano, Jorge Díaz, Oscar Martí, Mario Presas, Pedro Cerezo, Josep Blasco, Víctor Velarde, and Jorge Gracia. 

Directory of Latin American Philosophers / Repertorio de Filósofos Latinoamericanos


 Council of International Studies and Program, Special Studies, No. 156. Amherst, NY: Council on International Studies and Programs in association with Society for Iberian and Latin American Thought, Asociación Argentina de Investigaciones Eticas and Colegio de Estudios Latinoamericanos de la Universidad Autónoma de México, 1988, 122 pp.

Latin American Philosophy in the XXth Century

Buffalo: Prometheus, 1986, 286 pp.

Collection of Latin American philosophical texts covering the themes of man, values and the search for philosophical identity. The texts of the sections on man and values appeared in Spanish in El hombre y los valores.

El análisis filosófico en América Latina

Mexico City: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1985, 689 pp. 

With Eduardo Rabossi, Enrique Villanueva and Marcelo Dascal

Collection of philosophical papers from analytic philosophers of Latin American origin preceded by historical introductions on the analytic movement in the various countries. 

Philosophical Analysis in Latin America

In Synthese Series. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1984, 431 pp. 

With Eduardo Rabossi, Enrique Villanueva and Marcelo Dascal

Translation of some of the papers from  El análisis filosófico en América Latina

Man and His Conduct: Essays in Honor of Risieri Frondizi


San Juan, Puerto Rico: University of Puerto Rico Press, 1980, 346 pp.

Contains 27 previously unpublished essays written by such American and Latin American philosophers as Marvin Farber, Charles Hartshorne, Héctor-Neri Castañeda, Mario Bunge, Paul Arthur Schilpp, Ernesto Sosa, and others.

Philosophy and Literature in Latin America: A Critical Assessment of the Current Situation


 Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 1989, 285 pp.

With Mireya Camurati.

Collection with introductions, notes and bibliography, of nineteen papers by Fred Gillete Sturm, Hugo E. Biagini, José Kozer, Ana Lydia Vega, and others.

Filosofía e identidad cultural en América Latina

Caracas: Monte Avila, 1988, 446 pp.

With Iván Jaksić.

Collection of essays by various Latin American philosophers on the nature and character of Latin American philosophy, preceded by historical and systematic introductions.

Risieri Frondizi. Ensayos Filosóficos

Mexico City: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1986, 460 pp.

Collection of essays by R. Frondizi.

El hombre y los valores en la filosofía latinoamericana del siglo XX


Madrid Mexico Buenos Aires: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1975; second printing, 1981, 333 pp.

With Risieri Frondizi.

Anthology of Latin American philosophical texts centered on the themes of man and values.


Francisco Suárez

Special issue of The American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly (formerly The New Scholasticism) 65(1991).

Articles by Douglas P. Davis, John P. Doyle, John D. Kronen, Carlos Noreña, T.D. Sullivan, John L. Treloar, and Jorge J. E. Gracia.

Latin American Philosophy Today

Double issue of The Philosophical Forum 20, 1/2 (1988 89), 158 pp.

Articles by Leopoldo Zea, Horacio Cerutti Guldberg, Ivan Jaksić, Adolfo Sánchez Vázquez, David Sobrevilla, Ofelia Schutte, and Jorge J. E. Gracia.

The Transcendentals in Medieval Philosophy

Special issue of Topoi 11(1992) with articles on Thomas Aquinas, John Duns Scotus, Peter Abailard, Philip the Chancellor, and Francisco Suárez, by Jan Aertsen, Stephen Dumont, John Marenbon, Scott MacDonald, and Jorge Gracia.


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 Last update: Nov. 30, 2004