DIRECTIONS: Read each sentence below and select the best word that completes the sentence.
1. His parents had always ____his poor grades in school to lack of intelligence,
but later they found out that he had a hearing problem.
a) attributed b) disparaged c) prejudiced d) precluded
2. When their house burned down, they were left with ___ nothing.
a) innately b) overwhelmingly c) cavalierly d) virtually
3. The ____ of the criminals allowed the people in the town to sleep
better at night.
a) endangerment b) apprehension c) assault d) prevalence
4. Please _____ from speaking in a loud voice. The class is taking
a) concede b) comply c) refrain d) preclude
5. The politician was overhead making a/an _____ remark about an ethnic
group. Consequently, he lost many votes.
a) disparaging b) pernicious c) unprecedented d) inebriated
6. She thought the idea was interesting; she was just worried about
a) pervasiveness b) liability c) feasibility d) inextricability
7. When I first arrived in New York, I was ____by the number of people
a) immersed b) reconciled c) refrained d) overwhelmed
8. The judge gave him a light sentence because of the ____ circumstances
of the crime.
a) mitigating b) inebriating d) overwhelming d) intrusive
9. Howard Hughes, the famous businessman, was a ____. He only
saw the people who worked for him.
a) destitution b) euphemism c) rebuke d) recluse
10. He lived a very ___ life - no cigarettes, no alcohol, and no coffee.
a) exclusive b) abstinent c) destitute d) preclusive
11. Her lack of a high school degree was an ___ in getting a promotion.
a) impediment b) exclusion c) incentive d) endorsement
12. When his visits to the doctor didn't help, he ___ to herbal medicine.
a) reconciled b) scrutinized c) rebuked d) resorted
13. In movies today, the heroes are ____ as very clean-living.
They never smoke or drink.
a) contended b) hindered c) nurtured d) depicted
14. I always find a long morning walk to be _____.
a) immersing b) scrutinizing c) disparaging d) invigorating
15. The children had become so ____ that the party was stopped.
a) arbitrary b) paradoxical c) rowdy d) abstinent
16. He was so ____ by the news that he was unable to respond.
a) grappled b) traumatized c) taken for granted d) eroded
17. All of the publicity about the trial _____the basic issues.
a) eroded b) plagued c) paled d) clouded
18. In the U.S., many people ____ vitamins as a way to fight disease
and live longer.
a) lure b) balk c) extol d) instill
19. Many illegal immigrants live on the ____ of society, afraid that
they will be discovered and forced to return home.
a) periphery b) aftermath c) restraint d) donation
20. The judge was in a/an ____as to how to decide who should receive
custody of the child. Neither parent seemed to be a model of a good
father or a good mother.
a) aftermath b) conjecture c) trepidation d) quandary
21. Most scientists today___ to the belief that something should be
done about the amount of carbon emissions in the air.
a) empathize b) subscribe c) ostracize d) flourish
22. Because of the increasing number of regulations against smoking,
many smokers are starting to feel like _____.
a) epithets b) cold turkeys c) plagues d) pariahs
23. The once- ______ Marlboro man is slowly disappearing from view in
many countries around the world because of the prohibitions against cigarette
a) elusive b) precocious c) ubiquitous d) notorious
24. Some psychologists fear that test-tube children may be _____ if
other children find out how they were conceived.
a) begrudged b) intimidated c) ostracized d) restrained
25. In the past, society treated divorced women with great _______.
a) disdain b) alarm c) notoriety d) viability
DIRECTIONS: Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.
Almost everyone knows of someone with a strong will to live who
survived well beyond others' expectations and of others who apparently
"gave up" and died sooner than expected. An extreme case is voodoo
death, in which a healthy person dies apparently just because he
or she believes that a curse has destined death.
Such phenomena were generally ignored by scientists until Walter Cannon (1942) published a collection of reasonably well-documented reports of voodoo death. In a typical example, a woman who ate a fruit and then learned that it had come from a taboo place died within hours. The common pattern in such cases was that the intended victims knew about the magic spells and believed that they were sure to die. Friends and relatives, who also believed in the hex, began to treat the victim as a dying person. Overwhelmed with dread and hopelessness, the victim refused food and water and died, usually within 24 to 48 hours. Similar examples occur in almost any society - not necessarily that people die because they believe they are hexed, but people with minor illnesses or injuries die because they expect to.
(taken from Biological Psychology, 6th Ed., by James Kalat)
1. Write a brief 4-5 sentence summary of this passage. Include your
own example of "voodoo death".