TOEFL PRACTICE #7

        Eskimos need a great many different things to survive.  To make a snow house, they need a special knife, shaped something like a cutlass, to cut the snow blocks.  For the bed platform they need layers of heavy skins and furs and poles and brush to lay underneath.  They need a deerskin blanket to cover the whole family at night.  Then they need a set of short poles to make a frame over the lamp for hanging the pot and for drying clothes.  Flint and pyrite are needed to strike a spark to light a fire, and a special moss is needed to make wicks for the lamp.  Then people need bone picks to take the hot meat out of the stew pot and cups to drink the hot soup.  For melting snow or fresh-water ice for drinking, they keep skin buckets on the platform near a lamp.  For a window in the house, they need a clear sheet of fresh-water ice.

1.    The paragraph suggests that Eskimos
        a)  trade extensively with outsiders
        b)  kill penguins for their meat and skins
        c)  hunt together as a family unit
        d)  sleep together in the same bed

2.    This selection clearly points to the fact that Eskimos
        a)  depend upon nature to fulfill their needs
        b)  never live very far from salt water
        c)  have no weapons for self-defense
        d)  consider themselves a hard-working people

3.    When the author says that, "Eskimos need a great many different things to survive," he is really
        saying that,

        a)  Eskimos exaggerate their real needs
        b)  Eskimos are dependent on basic items
        c)  Eskimos are overly concerned with survival
        d)  Eskimos need many luxuries to be comfortable

4.    Locate a sentence which proves that Eskimos live in areas where there is some plant life.

CHECK ANSWERS


PRACTICE #8

        Most people would identify the phrase "red tide" as something to do with communism, but there is another sort of red tide threatening the world.  It appears with increasing frequency along the sea coasts of many countries, usually as follows:  With no warning, a portion of the sea begins to turn a dull shade of red.  As the color begins to deepen, strange events take place.  Fish leap straight up out of the water and fall back dead.  Piles of fish slowly collect on the beaches.  Dead and dying fish float belly up on the surface of bays and inlets.  Waves glow eerily at night.  Eventually all marine life touched by the red tide is destroyed.  and not only marine life is harmed.  Men suffer too.    Fishermen are left without fish to catch, and are thus without a livelihood.  Areas which depend on tourism can attract no tourists until millions of the stinking fish are cleared from their shores.  The harm to both man and nature is incredible.

1.    The paragraph points out that "red tide"
        a.  is a controversial issue
        b.  is a serious problem
        c.  is related to pollution
        d.  is more imaginative than real

2.    The event which first signals the approach of a "red tide" is
        a.  fish leaping into the air
        b.  fish dying and piling up on the beaches
        c.  waves glowing eerily at night
        d.  the sea changing color

3.  The "red tide" as described in the paragraph
        a.  affects man indirectly
        b.  can kill people along coastal areas
        c.  may spread to inland waterways
        d.  is apparent only after sunset

4.    Locate a sentence which states that "red tide" is an unfamiliar term.

CHECK ANSWERS